Effect of laughter on salivary flow rates and levels of chromogranin A in young adults and elderly people
- Masahiro TodaAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology, Osaka Dental University Email author
- , Hiroe IchikawaAffiliated withFukui Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Environmental Science
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Salivary chromogranin A (CgA) levels and salivary flow rates were measured to evaluate the stress relief effect of laughter on the young and the elderly.
Thirty healthy volunteers (15 aged 20–25 years; 15 aged 62–83 years) performed a serial arithmetic task for 15 min and then watched a comedy video for 30 min. On a different day, as a control, they watched a non-humorous video after performing a task similar to the first one. Saliva samples were collected immediately before and after the arithmetic task, 30 min after completing the task (immediately after watching the film), and 30 min after watching the film (60 min after completing mental task). Salivary CgA levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
In the elderly group, salivary flow rates, which had declined by the end of the arithmetic task, were statistically significantly higher after watching the comedy video. In the young group, salivary CgA levels, which had increased by the end of the task, had statistically significantly declined after watching the comedy video. No such post-task changes were apparent in control results; in the young group, there was a statistically significant interprotocol difference in salivary CgA levels.
These findings suggest that laughter may relieve stress, particularly in the young people.
KeywordsChromogranin A Laughter Salivary flow rates Stress The elderly
- Effect of laughter on salivary flow rates and levels of chromogranin A in young adults and elderly people
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Volume 17, Issue 6 , pp 494-499
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- Springer Japan
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- Chromogranin A
- Salivary flow rates
- The elderly