Breakfast habits among adolescents and their association with daily energy and fish, vegetable, and fruit intake: a community-based cross-sectional study
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
To investigate breakfast eating habits on daily energy and fish, vegetable, and fruit intake in Japanese adolescents.
This study was completed as part of the Shunan Child Health Cohort Study. Two types of questionnaires, one on lifestyle habits and the other a brief-type, self-administered questionnaire on diet history, were administered to second-year junior high school students (1,876 boys and 1,759 girls) in Shunan City, Yamaguchi, Japan. The different breakfast habits were compared using the general linear model and the estimated means and P value for trend were calculated, with energy-adjusted food intake as the dependent variable and body mass index, gender, age, residential areas, and living status as covariates.
In both males and females, the proportion of those who ate breakfast irregularly was about 10%. The daily intake of fish, vegetables, and fruit was significantly higher in those who ate breakfast with their guardians than in those who ate breakfast alone (P for trend <0.01). The daily intake of fish, seafood, and vegetables was significantly higher in those who less frequently ate cooked foods for breakfast (P for trend <0.01). Those who ate rice more frequently than bread at breakfast had a higher daily intake of fish, seafood, and vegetables (P for trend <0.01).
Eating breakfast with the family, reducing the intake of cooked foods at breakfast, and eating breakfast with rice as a main staple food are suggested to contribute to an improved quality of diet in adolescents.
- Bazzano LA, He J, Ogden LG, Loria CM, Vupputuri S, Myers L, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults: the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;76:93–9.
- Riboli E, Norat T. Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003;78[Suppl 3]:559S–69S.
- Joshipura KJ, Ascherio A, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB, Speizer FE, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic stroke. JAMA. 1999;282:1233–9. CrossRef
- Iso H, Kobayashi M, Ishihara J, Sasaki S, Okada K, Kita Y, et al. Intake of fish and n3 fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among Japanese: the Japan Public Health Center-Based (JPHC) Study Cohort I. Circulation. 2006;113:195–202. CrossRef
- Truswell AS. Practical and realistic approaches to healthier diet modifications. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67[Suppl 3]:583S–90S.
- Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. The National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan, 2008 (in Japanese). Tokyo: Daiichi Public; 2009.
- National Agency for the Advancement of Sports and Health. Report on the children/students dietary situation survey, 2007 (in Japanese).. Tokyo: NAASH; 2008
- Sjoberg A, Hallberg L, Hoglund D, Hulthen L. Meal pattern, food choice, nutrient intake and lifestyle factors in The Goteborg Adolescence Study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57:1569–78. CrossRef
- Utter J, Scragg R, Mhurchu CN, Schaaf D. At-home breakfast consumption among New Zealand children: associations with body mass index and related nutrition behaviors. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107:570–6. CrossRef
- Sasaki S, Shimoda T, Katagiri A, Tsuji T, Amano K. Eating frequency of rice vs. bread at breakfast and nutrient and food-group intake among Japanese female college students. J Community Nutr. 2002;4:83–9.
- Videon TM, Manning CK. Influences on adolescent eating patterns: the importance of family meals. J Adolesc Health. 2003;32:365–73. CrossRef
- Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, Story M, Croll J, Perry C. Family meal patterns: associations with sociodemographic characteristics and improved dietary intake among adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103:317–22. CrossRef
- Lien N, Lytle LA, Klepp KI. Stability in consumption of fruit, vegetables, and sugary foods in a cohort from age 14 to age 21. Prev Med. 2001;33:217–26. CrossRef
- Lytle LA, Seifert S, Greenstein J, McGovern P. How do children’s eating patterns and food choices change over time? Results from a cohort study. Am J Health Promot. 2000;14:222–8. CrossRef
- Sasaki S. Development and evaluation of dietary assessment methods using biomarkers and diet history questionnaires for individuals. In: Tanaka H, editor. Research for evaluation methods of nutrition and dietary lifestyle programs held on healthy Japan 21: summary report (in Japanese). Tokyo: Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Labor of Japan; 2004. p. 10–44.
- Okuda M, Sasaki S, Bando N, Hashimoto M, Kunitsugu I, Sugiyama S, et al. Carotenoid, tocopherol, and fatty acid biomarkers and dietary intake estimated by using a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older Japanese children and adolescents. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2009;55:231–41. CrossRef
- Shunan City official website. Shisei jouhou (municipal government information), 30 September 2011. Available at: http://www.city.shunan.lg.jp/section/shimin/jinkou.jsp. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
- Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008. Diabetes Care. 2008;31:2281–3. CrossRef
- Nanri A, Mizoue T, Noda M, Takahashi Y, Kato M, Inoue M, et al. Rice intake and type 2 diabetes in Japanese men and women: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:1468–77. CrossRef
- Yokota K, Harada M, Wakabayashi Y, Inagawa M, Oshima M, Toriumi S, et al. Evaluation of a community-based health education program for salt reduction through media campaigns (in Japanese). Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 2006;53:543–53.
- Swift PA, Markandu ND, Sagnella GA, He FJ, MacGregor GA. Modest salt reduction reduces blood pressure and urine protein excretion in black hypertensives: a randomized control trial. Hypertension. 2005;46:308–12. CrossRef
- Iso H, Shimamoto T, Naito Y, Sato S, Kitamura A, Iida M, et al. Effects of a long-term hypertension control program on stroke incidence and prevalence in a rural community in northeastern Japan. Stroke. 1998;29:1510–8. CrossRef
- Kusano-Tsunoh A, Nakatsuka H, Satoh H, Shimizu H, Sato S, Ito I, et al. Effects of family-togetherness on the food selection by primary and junior high school students: family-togetherness means better food. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2001;194:121–7. CrossRef
- Gillman MW, Rifas-Shiman SL, Frazier AL, Rockett HR, Camargo CA Jr, Field AE, et al. Family dinner and diet quality among older children and adolescents. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:235–40. CrossRef
- Larson NI, Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, Story M. Family meals during adolescence are associated with higher diet quality and healthful meal patterns during young adulthood. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107:1502–10. CrossRef
- Sweeting H, West P. Dietary habits and children’s family lives. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2005;18:93–7. CrossRef
- Serra-Majem L, Ribas L, Ngo J, Ortega RM, Garcia A, Perez-Rodrigo C, et al. Food, youth and the Mediterranean diet in Spain. Development of KIDMED, Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2004;7:931–5.
- Boutelle KN, Birkeland RW, Hannan PJ, Story M, Neumark-Sztainer D. Associations between maternal concern for healthful eating and maternal eating behaviors, home food availability, and adolescent eating behaviors. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007;39:248–56. CrossRef
- Breakfast habits among adolescents and their association with daily energy and fish, vegetable, and fruit intake: a community-based cross-sectional study
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Volume 17, Issue 5 , pp 408-414
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Japan
- Additional Links
- Breakfast styles
- Daily energy/food intake
- Japanese adolescents
- Cross-sectional study
- Dietary education
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Mazda Motor Corporation Hofu Clinic, 888-1 Nishinoura, Hofu, Yamaguchi, 747-0835, Japan
- 2. Department of Environmental Safety, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Ube, Japan
- 3. Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tokyo University, Tokyo, Japan
- 4. Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi University, Ube, Japan