, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 189-221

Convertibles and milestones in staged financing

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This paper investigates a popular financing strategy whereby the manager of a firm uses convertibles in staged financing. Staged financing is particularly popular in corporate finance, even although it has potential incentive and risk problems. This paper identifies many interesting properties of convertibles in staged financing, including the fact that staged financing using convertibles can almost achieve the first best. We also find that risks can reduce agency costs by putting pressure on the manager to perform. These results may explain why convertibles are a popular instrument in staged financing in reality.