, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 144-155,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 24 Dec 2008

Characterization of Calcium-Mediated Intracellular and Intercellular Signaling in the rMC-1 Glial Cell Line

Abstract

Retinal Müller glial cells, in addition to providing homeostatic support to retinal neurons, have been shown to engage in modulation of neuronal activity and regulate vasomotor responses in the retina, among other functions. Calcium-mediated signaling in Müller cells has been implicated to play a significant role in the intracellular and intercellular interactions necessary to carry out these functions. Although the basic molecular mechanisms of calcium signaling in Müller cells have been described, the dynamics of calcium responses in Müller cells have not been fully explored. Here, we provide a quantitative characterization of calcium signaling in an in vitro model of Müller cell signaling using the rMC-1 cell line, a well-established line developed from rat Müller cells. rMC-1 cells displayed robust intracellular calcium transients and the capacity to support calcium transient-mediated intercellular calcium waves with signaling dynamics similar to that reported for Müller cells in in situ retinal preparations. Furthermore, pharmacological perturbations of intracellular calcium transients with thapsigargin and intercellular calcium waves with purinergic receptor antagonists and gap junction blockers (PPADS and FFA, respectively) suggest that the molecular mechanisms that underlie calcium signaling in rMC-1 cells has been conserved with those of Müller cells. This model provides a robust in vitro system for investigating specific mechanistic hypotheses of intra- and intercellular calcium signaling in Müller cells.