, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 46-53
Date: 11 Nov 2008

X-ray fluorescence camera for imaging of iodine media in vivo

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X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis is useful for measuring density distributions of contrast media in vivo. An XRF camera was developed for carrying out mapping for iodine-based contrast media used in medical angiography. Objects are exposed by an X-ray beam from a cerium target. Cerium K-series X-rays are absorbed effectively by iodine media in objects, and iodine fluorescence is produced from the objects. Next, iodine Kα fluorescence is selected out by use of a 58-µm-thick stannum filter and is detected by a cadmium telluride (CdTe) detector. The Kα rays are discriminated out by a multichannel analyzer, and the number of photons is counted by a counter card. The objects are moved and scanned by an x–y stage in conjunction with a two-stage controller, and X-ray images obtained by iodine mapping are shown on a personal computer monitor. The scan pitch of the x and y axes was 2.5 mm, and the photon counting time per mapping point was 2.0 s. We carried out iodine mapping of non-living animals (phantoms), and iodine Kα fluorescence was produced from weakly remaining iodine elements in a rabbit skin cancer.