International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 95, Issue 4, pp 420–427

Features of Japanese patients with myelodysplastic syndrome in an aging population of Sado Island

  • Kumiko Yagisawa
  • Kiyoshi Okazuka
  • Ken Toba
  • Masaru Urushiyama
  • Takashi Kuroha
  • Noriko Izumi
  • Yasuhiko Sibasaki
  • Masutaka Higashimura
  • Toshio Yano
  • Akihito Momoi
  • Akira Hattori
  • Ken Momotsu
  • Yoshifusa Aizawa
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12185-012-1031-z

Cite this article as:
Yagisawa, K., Okazuka, K., Toba, K. et al. Int J Hematol (2012) 95: 420. doi:10.1007/s12185-012-1031-z

Abstract

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is relatively common in the elderly, and aging of populations is progressing in developed nations, notably so in Japan. The major age group in Japan and Sado Island are distributed between 30 and 60 and between 50 and 80, respectively. The aim of this study was to analyze the features of MDS in the population of Sado Island to anticipate the characteristics of the disease in the near future. One-hundred and fifty-three patients (71 male, 82 female, 19–94 years old, median 73 years old) with de novo MDS between 1985 and 2005 were retrospectively evaluated. All patients were reclassified according to WHO-2001 criteria. The predictive power of the international prognostic scoring system and the WHO classification-based prognostic scoring system were evaluated. The major causes of death were leukemic transformation (38%) in refractory anemia with an excess of blasts and infection (48%) for total MDS. Age was another independent prognostic factor. Elderly patients exhibited a significantly poorer prognosis mainly due to infections such as pneumonia. Although novel remedies for MDS and hyperferremia have recently been developed, prevention of infection remains important in MDS, particularly for older patients.

Keywords

Myelodysplastic syndromeAging societyPrognosisInfection prevention

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kumiko Yagisawa
    • 1
  • Kiyoshi Okazuka
    • 2
  • Ken Toba
    • 2
  • Masaru Urushiyama
    • 1
  • Takashi Kuroha
    • 2
  • Noriko Izumi
    • 1
  • Yasuhiko Sibasaki
    • 2
  • Masutaka Higashimura
    • 2
  • Toshio Yano
    • 2
  • Akihito Momoi
    • 2
  • Akira Hattori
    • 1
  • Ken Momotsu
    • 1
  • Yoshifusa Aizawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineSado Sogo HospitalNiigataJapan
  2. 2.First Department of Internal MedicineNiigata University Medical and Dental HospitalNiigataJapan