Knee osteoarthritis in women
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- Hame, S.L. & Alexander, R.A. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med (2013) 6: 182. doi:10.1007/s12178-013-9164-0
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Osteoarthritis is a disease that progresses over time and culminates in the destruction of articular cartilage and joints. Thus, with an increasing elderly population the treatment of knee osteoarthritis has become a major healthcare issue. It has been shown that women are more severely impacted by knee osteoarthritis. Differences in knee anatomy, kinematics, previous knee injury, and hormonal influences may play a role. Sex difference with respect to osteoarthritis presentation, treatment, and the allocation of resources also exists. In general, women present for treatment in more advanced stages of osteoarthritis and have more debilitating pain than their male counterparts. In addition, healthcare providers are more likely to recommend total joint arthroplasty for their male patients. Understanding how and why these gender differences occur is instrumental in formulating an inclusive strategy for combating osteoarthritis in the future.