Women's Issues (MA Goolsby, Section editor)

Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 164-172

First online:

Prescribing exercise for women

  • Carlin SenterAffiliated withDepartments of Medicine and Orthopedics, University of California, San Francisco Email author 
  • , Nicole AppelleAffiliated withDivision of General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
  • , Sarina K. BeheraAffiliated withDepartments of Cardiology and Pediatrics, California Pacific Medical Center

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One- half of women in the United States do not meet the weekly dose of physical activity recommended by the Centers for Disease Control. Many women could benefit tremendously if they were to adopt a more active lifestyle. Health benefits from exercise include lowering the risk for cardiovascular disease, slowing the rate of bone loss in osteoporosis, and improving mood during pregnancy. In this article, we review the health benefits that women may gain from physical activity and the recommendations for physical activity for adults in the United States. We offer evidence supporting use of the exercise prescription, discuss how to write an exercise prescription, and how to tailor the exercise prescription for women with particular medical problems.


Exercise prescription Physical activity Exercise Women Primary care Fitness Cardiovascular disease Hypertension Congestive heart failure Diabetes Osteoarthritis Osteoporosis Depression Cognitive decline Pregnancy Obesity