Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 89–100

Macronutrients, Weight Control, and Cardiovascular Health: A Systematic Review

  • David J. A. Jenkins
  • Arash Mirrahimi
  • Tri H. Nguyen
  • Shahad Abdulnour
  • Korbua Srichaikul
  • Leanne Shamrakov
  • Ambika Dewan
  • John L. Sievenpiper
  • Cyril W. C. Kendall
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12170-010-0082-z

Cite this article as:
Jenkins, D.J.A., Mirrahimi, A., Nguyen, T.H. et al. Curr Cardio Risk Rep (2010) 4: 89. doi:10.1007/s12170-010-0082-z

Abstract

For some years, there has been interest in exploring the effects of high-fat and high-protein diets on the control of body weight. More recently, less extreme dieting paradigms have been studied, with a focus on the use of increased plant food components. This article reviews these diets from the standpoint of potential therapeutic use in cardiovascular risk reduction. We conducted a search of the literature published in 2008 and 2009 for studies assessing the effect of diet on body weight control, especially where there was an emphasis on differences in macronutrient profiles and food sources used (e.g., plant vs. animal). No clear picture emerged on the ideal macronutrient profile for weight loss and cardiovascular disease risk factor reduction. However, in general, the use of more plant food-based approaches had the greatest effect in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors, including blood lipids and blood pressure. Alterations in the proportion of protein and fat intakes gave inconsistent effects on body weight reduction.

Keywords

Cardiovascular healthDietWeight controlMacronutrients

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. A. Jenkins
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Arash Mirrahimi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tri H. Nguyen
    • 1
    • 3
  • Shahad Abdulnour
    • 1
    • 5
  • Korbua Srichaikul
    • 1
    • 3
  • Leanne Shamrakov
    • 6
  • Ambika Dewan
    • 6
  • John L. Sievenpiper
    • 1
    • 7
  • Cyril W. C. Kendall
    • 8
  1. 1.Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s HospitalTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and MetabolismSt. Michael’s HospitalTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Department of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Department of Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  7. 7.Faculty of Health SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  8. 8.Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada