Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 89–100

Macronutrients, Weight Control, and Cardiovascular Health: A Systematic Review

Authors

    • Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital
    • Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and MetabolismSt. Michael’s Hospital
    • Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of Toronto
    • Department of MedicineUniversity of Toronto
  • Arash Mirrahimi
    • Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital
    • Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of Toronto
  • Tri H. Nguyen
    • Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital
    • Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of Toronto
  • Shahad Abdulnour
    • Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital
    • Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Toronto
  • Korbua Srichaikul
    • Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital
    • Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of Toronto
  • Leanne Shamrakov
    • Department of Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Toronto
  • Ambika Dewan
    • Department of Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Toronto
  • John L. Sievenpiper
    • Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael’s Hospital
    • Faculty of Health SciencesMcMaster University
  • Cyril W. C. Kendall
    • Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Toronto
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12170-010-0082-z

Cite this article as:
Jenkins, D.J.A., Mirrahimi, A., Nguyen, T.H. et al. Curr Cardio Risk Rep (2010) 4: 89. doi:10.1007/s12170-010-0082-z

Abstract

For some years, there has been interest in exploring the effects of high-fat and high-protein diets on the control of body weight. More recently, less extreme dieting paradigms have been studied, with a focus on the use of increased plant food components. This article reviews these diets from the standpoint of potential therapeutic use in cardiovascular risk reduction. We conducted a search of the literature published in 2008 and 2009 for studies assessing the effect of diet on body weight control, especially where there was an emphasis on differences in macronutrient profiles and food sources used (e.g., plant vs. animal). No clear picture emerged on the ideal macronutrient profile for weight loss and cardiovascular disease risk factor reduction. However, in general, the use of more plant food-based approaches had the greatest effect in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors, including blood lipids and blood pressure. Alterations in the proportion of protein and fat intakes gave inconsistent effects on body weight reduction.

Keywords

Cardiovascular healthDietWeight controlMacronutrients

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010