Physical activity and reducing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in older men and women: Lessons learned in 2006
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- Janssen, I. Curr Cardio Risk Rep (2007) 1: 265. doi:10.1007/s12170-007-0041-5
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This review provides an overview of some of the recent research, in particular studies published in 2006, examining the impact of physical activity on cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality in older adults. In 2006, a number of cross-sectional and intervention studies provided insight into the mechanisms by which physical activity influences CVD risk by influencing a number of traditional and nontraditional CVD risk factors. Additional prospective observational studies in older adults with CVD demonstrated a clear negative dose-response relation between physical activity levels and morbidity and mortality risk in this patient group. Finally, a number of cardiac exercise rehabilitation interventions were tested. Although these intervention studies had mixed findings, some exciting observations were made. Hopefully, the methods employed in the effective exercise rehabilitation studies will be translated into clinical practice in the near future.