Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 126–135

Expanding Horizons in the Validation of GMO Analytical Methods: Fuzzy-based Expert Systems

  • Gianni Bellocchi
  • Marco Acutis
  • Claudia Paoletti
  • Roberto Confalonieri
  • Patrizia Trevisiol
  • Emanuele Grazioli
  • Chrystele Delobel
  • Cristian Savini
  • Marco Mazzara
  • Guy Van den Eede
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12161-008-9021-8

Cite this article as:
Bellocchi, G., Acutis, M., Paoletti, C. et al. Food Anal. Methods (2008) 1: 126. doi:10.1007/s12161-008-9021-8

Abstract

Validation is the process establishing the suitability of an analytical method for a particular purpose. Various guidelines defining statistical procedures for validation of chemical, bio-chemical, pharmaceutical, and molecular methods have been developed, and ad hoc validation metrics (indices and test statistics) are available and routinely used, for in-house and interlaboratory testing and decision making. However, there is no universally accepted practice for assay validation, and often, subjectivity plays an important role in the interpretation of validation studies’ results. Instead, the key to rational validation studies relies upon the formalization and harmonization of procedures for their design and interpretation of results. Fuzzy-based techniques can be helpful in such respect. Fuzzy logic allows summarizing the information obtained by classic independent validation statistics into one synthetic index of overall method performance. The possibility of having a comprehensive indicator of method performance has the advantage of permitting direct method comparison, facilitating the evaluation of many individual, possibly contradictory metrics. The objectives of this paper are to illustrate the advantages that a fuzzy-based aggregation method could bring into the validation of analytical methods and to propose its application for the evaluation of methods’ performance. Validation metrics are compared for practical examples of assessment of method performance in collaborative studies. Fuzzy logic-based rules are shown to be applicable to improve insights into method quality and interpretation of results.

Keywords

Fuzzy LogicGenetically Modified Organisms (GMO)Method ValidationPerformance IndicatorRing Trial

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianni Bellocchi
    • 1
  • Marco Acutis
    • 2
  • Claudia Paoletti
    • 3
  • Roberto Confalonieri
    • 4
  • Patrizia Trevisiol
    • 2
  • Emanuele Grazioli
    • 1
  • Chrystele Delobel
    • 1
  • Cristian Savini
    • 1
  • Marco Mazzara
    • 1
  • Guy Van den Eede
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Biotechnology and GMOs UnitEuropean Commission Directorate General Joint Research CentreIspraItaly
  2. 2.Department of Crop ScienceUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  3. 3.GMO UnitEuropean Food Safety AuthorityParmaItaly
  4. 4.Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Agriculture and Fisheries UnitEuropean Commission Directorate General Joint Research CentreIspraItaly