Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 111–119

Emotional Dampening in Persons with Elevated Blood Pressure: Affect Dysregulation and Risk for Hypertension

  • James A. McCubbin
  • James P. Loveless
  • Jack G. Graham
  • Gabrielle A. Hall
  • Ryan M. Bart
  • DeWayne D. Moore
  • Marcellus M. Merritt
  • Richard D. Lane
  • Julian F. Thayer
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-013-9526-2

Cite this article as:
McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., Graham, J.G. et al. ann. behav. med. (2014) 47: 111. doi:10.1007/s12160-013-9526-2

Abstract

Background

Persons with higher blood pressure have emotional dampening in some contexts. This may reflect interactive changes in central nervous system control of affect and autonomic function in the early stages of hypertension development.

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the independence of cardiovascular emotional dampening from alexithymia to better understand the role of affect dysregulation in blood pressure elevations.

Methods

Ninety-six normotensives were assessed for resting systolic and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, recognition of emotions in faces and sentences using the Perception of Affect Task (PAT), alexithymia, anxiety, and defensiveness.

Results

Resting DBP significantly predicted PAT emotion recognition accuracy in men after adjustment for age, self-reported affect, and alexithymia.

Conclusions

Cardiovascular emotional dampening is independent of alexithymia and affect in men. Dampened emotion recognition could potentially influence interpersonal communication and psychosocial distress, thereby further contributing to BP dysregulation and increased cardiovascular risk.

Keywords

Emotion recognitionBlood pressureHypertension developmentCentral nervous systemStressAlexithymiaRepressive copingDefensiveness

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. McCubbin
    • 1
    • 7
  • James P. Loveless
    • 1
  • Jack G. Graham
    • 1
  • Gabrielle A. Hall
    • 2
  • Ryan M. Bart
    • 3
  • DeWayne D. Moore
    • 1
  • Marcellus M. Merritt
    • 4
  • Richard D. Lane
    • 5
  • Julian F. Thayer
    • 6
  1. 1.Clemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  2. 2.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Gonzaga UniversitySpokaneUSA
  4. 4.University of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  5. 5.University of ArizonaMaricopaUSA
  6. 6.Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  7. 7.Department of PsychologyClemson UniversityClemsonUSA