Personality Factors, Emotional Triggers and Acute Cardiac Events: a Comment on Compare et al.
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In this edition of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Compare, Steptoe and colleagues  describe the association between Type D personality and stress-induced cardiomyopathy. Scientific and clinical interest in this acute cardiac condition is increasing , and the syndrome is also often referred to as “takotsubo cardiomyopathy”  or “apical ballooning syndrome” . The emotional triggering of apical ballooning has been documented in animal models of experimental stress  and in meta-analytical research in humans . About 75 % of the patients with apical ballooning syndrome report a preceding event including physical and/or emotional distress . In the study of Compare and colleagues, only those acute cardiomyopathy admissions that were precipitated by an emotional (37 cases) or physical (38 cases) trigger were included . Therefore, the investigators’ use of the term “stress cardiomyopathy” seems accurate, and will also be used here.
Stress cardiomyopathy is characterized
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- Personality Factors, Emotional Triggers and Acute Cardiac Events: a Comment on Compare et al.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 45, Issue 3 , pp 273-275
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