Pathways Linking Socioeconomic Status and Postpartum Smoking Relapse
- Michael S. Businelle Ph.D.,
- Darla E. Kendzor Ph.D.,
- Lorraine R. Reitzel Ph.D.,
- Jennifer Irvin Vidrine Ph.D.,
- Yessenia Castro Ph.D.,
- Patricia Dolan Mullen Dr.P.H.,
- Mary M. Velasquez Ph.D.,
- Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel Ph.D.,
- Paul M. Cinciripini Ph.D.,
- Anthony J. Greisinger Ph.D.,
- David W. Wetter Ph.D.
- … show all 11 hide
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Low socioeconomic status (SES) exacerbates the high rate of smoking relapse in women following childbirth.
This study examined multiple models of potential mechanisms linking SES and postpartum smoking relapse among women who quit smoking due to pregnancy.
Participants were 251 women enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of a new postpartum smoking relapse prevention intervention. Four models of the prepartum mechanisms linking SES and postpartum smoking relapse were evaluated using a latent variable modeling approach.
Each of the hypothesized models were a good fit for the data. As hypothesized, SES indirectly influenced postpartum smoking relapse through increased prepartum negative affect/stress, reduced sense of agency, and increased craving for cigarettes. However, the model that included craving as the sole final pathway between SES and relapse demonstrated superior fit when compared with all other models.
Findings have implications for future interventions that aim to reduce postpartum relapse.
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- Pathways Linking Socioeconomic Status and Postpartum Smoking Relapse
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 45, Issue 2 , pp 180-191
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Structural equation modeling
- Socioeconomic status
- Industry Sectors
- Michael S. Businelle Ph.D. (1)
- Darla E. Kendzor Ph.D. (1)
- Lorraine R. Reitzel Ph.D. (2)
- Jennifer Irvin Vidrine Ph.D. (2)
- Yessenia Castro Ph.D. (2)
- Patricia Dolan Mullen Dr.P.H. (3)
- Mary M. Velasquez Ph.D. (4)
- Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel Ph.D. (5)
- Paul M. Cinciripini Ph.D. (5)
- Anthony J. Greisinger Ph.D. (6)
- David W. Wetter Ph.D. (2)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas Regional Campus, 6011 Harry Hines Blvd., V8.112, Dallas, TX, 75390-9128, USA
- 2. Department of Health Disparities Research, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
- 3. Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX, USA
- 4. Center for Social Work Research, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
- 5. Department of Behavioral Science, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
- 6. Kelsey Research Foundation, Houston, TX, USA