Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 33–44

A Multiple-Group Path Analysis of the Role of Everyday Discrimination on Self-Rated Physical Health among Latina/os in the USA

  • Kristine M. Molina
  • Margarita Alegría
  • Ramaswami Mahalingam
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-012-9421-2

Cite this article as:
Molina, K.M., Alegría, M. & Mahalingam, R. ann. behav. med. (2013) 45: 33. doi:10.1007/s12160-012-9421-2

Abstract

Background

Few studies have examined the psychosocial mechanisms through which self-reported discrimination may influence the health status of Latinos.

Purpose

This study examined the mediating role of subjective social status in the USA and psychological distress on the relation between everyday discrimination and self-rated physical health, and the moderating role of gender and ethnicity.

Methods

A US population-based sample of Latinos (N = 2,554) was drawn from the National Latino and Asian American Study. Respondents completed measures of everyday discrimination, subjective social status, psychological distress, and self-rated physical health.

Results

Path analysis revealed that among the total sample, subjective social status and psychological distress sequentially mediated the effect of everyday discrimination on self-rated physical health. Psychological distress was a more consistent mediator across Latino subgroups. Gender and ethnicity moderated the mediation model.

Conclusions

This study provides a systematic examination of how psychosocial mechanisms may operate differently or similarly across Latino subgroups.

Keywords

Everyday discriminationLatinosPsychological distressSubjective social statusSelf-rated physical healthIntersectionality

Supplementary material

12160_2012_9421_MOESM1_ESM.docx (88 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 87 kb)
12160_2012_9421_MOESM2_ESM.docx (21 kb)
ESM 2(DOCX 21 kb)
12160_2012_9421_MOESM3_ESM.docx (96 kb)
ESM 3(DOCX 96 kb)

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristine M. Molina
    • 1
    • 4
  • Margarita Alegría
    • 2
  • Ramaswami Mahalingam
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Behavioral Medicine Research CenterUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.Center for Multicultural Mental Health ResearchCambridge Health Alliance and Harvard Medical SchoolSomervilleUSA
  3. 3.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.Behavioral Medicine Research Center, Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA