Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 192–206

A Psychoeducational Intervention (SWEEP) for Depressed Women with Diabetes


    • School of NursingLoyola University Chicago
  • Carol Ferrans
    • College of NursingUniversity of Illinois
  • Patricia Mumby
    • School of MedicineLoyola University Chicago
  • Mary Byrn
    • Saint Mary’s College
  • Mary Ann Emanuele
    • School of MedicineLoyola University Chicago
  • Patrick R. Harrison
    • College of Arts and SciencesLoyola University Chicago
  • Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu
    • School of MedicineLoyola University Chicago
  • Patrick Lustman
    • School of MedicineWashington University St. Louis
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-012-9377-2

Cite this article as:
Penckofer, S.M., Ferrans, C., Mumby, P. et al. ann. behav. med. (2012) 44: 192. doi:10.1007/s12160-012-9377-2



Clinically significant depression is present in 25 % of individuals with type 2 diabetes, its risk being doubled in women.


To examine the effectiveness of the Study of Women’s Emotions and Evaluation of a Psychoeducational (SWEEP), a group therapy for depression treatment based on cognitive behavioral therapy principles that was developed for women with type 2 diabetes was conducted.


Women with significantly elevated depression symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale ≥16) were randomized to SWEEP (n = 38) or usual care (UC, n = 36).


Multilevel modeling indicated that SWEEP was more effective than UC in reducing depression (mean difference of −15 vs. −7, p < .01), decreasing trait anxiety (mean difference of −15 vs. −5, p < .01), and improving anger expression (mean difference of −12 vs. −5, p < .05). Although SWEEP and UC had improvements in fasting glucose (mean difference of −24 vs. −1 mg/dl) and HbA1c (mean difference of −0.4 vs. −0.1 %), there were no statistically significant differences between groups.


SWEEP was more effective than UC for treating depressed women with type 2 diabetes. Addition of group therapy for depression meaningfully expands the armamentarium of evidence-based treatment options for women with diabetes.



Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2012