Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 311–319

Coping, Self-Management, and Adaptation in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes

Authors

    • Yale University School of Nursing
  • Melissa S. Faulkner
    • University of Arizona
  • Robin Whittemore
    • Yale University School of Nursing
  • Sangchoon Jeon
    • Yale University School of Nursing
  • Kathryn Murphy
    • The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
  • Alan Delamater
    • University of Miami
  • Margaret Grey
    • Yale University School of Nursing
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-012-9343-z

Cite this article as:
Jaser, S.S., Faulkner, M.S., Whittemore, R. et al. ann. behav. med. (2012) 43: 311. doi:10.1007/s12160-012-9343-z

Abstract

Background

Adolescents with type 1 diabetes experience stress related to treatment management, feeling different from peers, and deciding to tell others about their diabetes.

Purpose

This study examined the relationship of stress reactivity and coping with self-management, quality of life, and metabolic control in an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Methods

Adolescents (n = 327) completed measures of coping and stress reactivity, self-management, and quality of life. Glycosylated hemoglobin data were collected from medical records.

Results

Low-income and minority status were related to lower levels of primary control coping (e.g., problem solving) and secondary control coping (e.g., acceptance), and higher levels of disengagement coping (e.g., avoidance). Self-management mediated the relationship between coping and stress reactivity with quality of life and metabolic control. Race/ethnicity and income moderated the relationship between coping and self-management goals.

Conclusions

Results indicate differences in coping related to income and race/ethnicity and demonstrate the impact of coping on self-management and health outcomes in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Keywords

CopingDiabetesSelf-management

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2012