Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 262–270

Smoking Cessation and Quality of Life: Changes in Life Satisfaction Over 3 Years Following a Quit Attempt

  • Megan E. Piper
  • Susan Kenford
  • Michael C. Fiore
  • Timothy B. Baker
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-011-9329-2

Cite this article as:
Piper, M.E., Kenford, S., Fiore, M.C. et al. ann. behav. med. (2012) 43: 262. doi:10.1007/s12160-011-9329-2



There has been limited research addressing changes in subjective well-being as a result of quitting smoking.


The purpose of this study was to use longitudinal data to determine the relation between smoking cessation and subjective measures of well-being, including global quality of life (QOL), health-related QOL (HR-QOL), affect, relationship satisfaction, and stressor occurrence.


As part of a randomized, placebo-controlled smoking cessation trial, 1,504 participants (58.2% women, 83.9% white) completed assessments and had their smoking status biochemically confirmed at baseline and years 1 and 3 post-quit.


Compared with continuing smokers, quitters showed improved global QOL, HR-QOL, and affect at years 1 and 3 and fewer stressors by year 3. Smoking status did not influence marital relationship satisfaction.


Successful quitters, in contrast to continuing smokers, reported improved subjective well-being, which could be used to motivate quit attempts by individuals with concerns about what life will be like without cigarettes.


SmokingSmoking cessationQuality of lifeHealthMarital satisfactionAffect

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megan E. Piper
    • 1
    • 3
  • Susan Kenford
    • 2
  • Michael C. Fiore
    • 1
  • Timothy B. Baker
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Tobacco Research and InterventionUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyXavier UniversityCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Center for Tobacco Research and InterventionMadisonUSA