Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 59–70

Identifying Evidence-Based Competences Required to Deliver Behavioural Support for Smoking Cessation

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-010-9235-z

Cite this article as:
Michie, S., Churchill, S. & West, R. ann. behav. med. (2011) 41: 59. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9235-z

Abstract

Background

No systematic basis has yet been published for specifying competences needed to underpin behavioural support for smoking cessation.

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a system for identifying competences required for the delivery of individual and group-based behavioural support for smoking cessation.

Methods

Sets of recommended competences for behavioural support were identified from a range of guidance documents. Where possible, these were compared with ones based on behaviour change techniques identified within behavioural support programmes found to be effective in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and, for individual behavioural support, ones associated with higher success rates in the English Stop Smoking Services.

Results

Ninety-four competences were identified (71 individual and 23 additional group competences), of which 59 were cited in at least two guidance documents (51 and 8, respectively). Fourteen of the individual competences and three of the group competences were supported by RCT evidence and, for individual competences, nine were supported by evidence from the services.

Conclusions

It is possible to identify competences recommended for behavioural support for smoking cessation and subsets supported by different types of evidence. This approach can form the basis for the development of assessment and training of stop smoking practitioners and is currently doing so in a national programme in England. With further research, the list of evidence-based competences is likely to be extended.

Keywords

Smoking cessation Behavioural support Competences Stop smoking practitioner 

Supplementary material

12160_2010_9235_MOESM1_ESM.doc (94 kb)
Appendix 1Definitions of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used to help smokers to stop (DOC 94 kb)
12160_2010_9235_MOESM2_ESM.doc (145 kb)
Appendix 2List of competences (knowledge and skills) for individual behavioural support identified in ten relevant national and international Stop Smoking Services (SSS) guidance documents and manuals (DOC 145 kb)
12160_2010_9235_MOESM3_ESM.doc (52 kb)
Appendix 3List of competences (knowledge and skills) for group behavioural support identified in relevant national and international Stop Smoking Services (SSS) guidance documents and manuals (DOC 51 kb)

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NHS Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training (NCSCT)University College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Public Health and NHS Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training (NCSCT)University College LondonLondonUK

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