Original Article

Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 313-324

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

The Efficacy of Auditory Perceptual Training for Tinnitus: A Systematic Review

  • Derek J. HoareAffiliated withNational Biomedical Research Unit in Hearing, Ropewalk House Email author 
  • , Paula C. StaceyAffiliated withDivision of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University
  • , Deborah A. HallAffiliated withNational Biomedical Research Unit in Hearing, Ropewalk HouseDivision of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University

Abstract

Auditory perceptual training affects neural plasticity and so represents a potential strategy for tinnitus management. We assessed the effects of auditory perceptual training on tinnitus perception and/or its intrusiveness via a systematic review of published literature. An electronic database search using the keywords ‘tinnitus and learning’ or ‘tinnitus and training’ was conducted, updated by a hand search. The ten studies identified were reviewed independently by two reviewers, data were extracted, study quality was assessed according to a number of specific criteria and the information was synthesised using a narrative approach. Nine out of the ten studies reported some significant change in either self-reported or psychoacoustic outcome measures after auditory training. However, all studies were quality rated as providing low or moderate levels of evidence for an effect. We identify a need for appropriately randomised and controlled studies that will generate high-quality unbiased and generalisable evidence to ascertain whether or not auditory perceptual training has a clinically relevant effect on tinnitus.

Keywords

Chronic tinnitus Perception Handicap Data quality