Nicotine Dependence as a Moderator of Message Framing Effects on Smoking Cessation Outcomes
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- Fucito, L.M., Latimer, A.E., Salovey, P. et al. ann. behav. med. (2010) 39: 311. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9187-3
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The persuasiveness of gain-framed and loss-framed messages for smoking cessation may vary by smokers' characteristics. Preliminary research in non-treatment-seeking smokers has shown that level of nicotine dependence moderates the effects of framed smoking messages on quit intentions and smoking cessation attitudes. Nicotine dependence as a potential moderator of message framing effects on actual smoking outcomes among treatment-seeking smokers remains to be determined.
This secondary analysis of data from a smoking cessation trial (Psychol Addict Behav. 2007; 21: 534–544) examined nicotine dependence as a moderator of message framing effects on smoking cessation success.
Dependence scores were dichotomized into high and low dependence (n = 249).
Among high-dependent smokers, gain-framed messages were associated with higher levels of smoking abstinence both during and post-treatment than loss-framed messages. There was no differential effect of gain- versus loss-framed messages among low-dependent smokers.
These preliminary findings suggest that the effectiveness of message framing interventions for treatment-seeking smokers may vary by smokers' level of nicotine dependence.