BioEnergy Research

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 621–635

Assessing Environmental Impacts of Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) Expansion: Model Definition and Preliminary Results

Authors

    • Biomass Research
  • Foluke Quist-Wessel
    • Biomass Research
  • Ioannis Dimitriou
    • Department of Crop Production EcologySwedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
  • Pär Aronsson
    • Department of Crop Production EcologySwedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
  • Christel Baum
    • Chair of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Rostock
  • Ulrich Schulz
    • Faculty of Landscape Management and Nature ConservationUniversity of Applied Sciences Eberswalde (HNEE)
  • Andreas Bolte
    • Institute for Forest Ecology and Forest InventoryJohann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute (vTI)
    • Department of Silviculture and Forest Ecology of Temperate ZonesGeorg-August-University Göttingen
  • Sarah Baum
    • Institute for Forest Ecology and Forest InventoryJohann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute (vTI)
    • Department of Silviculture and Forest Ecology of Temperate ZonesGeorg-August-University Göttingen
  • Jörg Köhn
    • Beckmann-Institute for Bio-Based Product Lines (BIOP)
  • Martin Weih
    • Department of Crop Production EcologySwedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
  • Holger Gruss
    • Faculty of Landscape Management and Nature ConservationUniversity of Applied Sciences Eberswalde (HNEE)
  • Peter Leinweber
    • Chair of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Rostock
  • Norbert Lamersdorf
    • Soil Science of Temperate Ecosystems, Büsgen-InstituteGeorg-August-Universität Göttingen
  • Paul Schmidt-Walter
    • Soil Science of Temperate Ecosystems, Büsgen-InstituteGeorg-August-Universität Göttingen
  • Göran Berndes
    • Department of Energy and EnvironmentChalmers University of Technology
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12155-012-9235-x

Cite this article as:
Langeveld, H., Quist-Wessel, F., Dimitriou, I. et al. Bioenerg. Res. (2012) 5: 621. doi:10.1007/s12155-012-9235-x

Abstract

Short rotation coppice (SRC) systems can play a role as feedstock for bioenergy supply contributing to EU energy and climate policy targets. A scenario depicting intensive arable crop cultivation in a homogeneous landscape (lacking habitat structures) was compared to a scenario including SRC cultivation on 20 % of arable land. A range of indicators was selected to assess the consequences of SRC on soil, water and biodiversity, using data from the Rating-SRC project (Sweden and Germany). The results of the assessment were presented using spider diagrams. Establishment and use of SRC for bioenergy has both positive and negative effects. The former include increased carbon sequestration and reduced GHG emissions as well as reduced soil erosion, groundwater nitrate and surface runoff. SRC can be used in phytoremediation and improves plant and breeding bird biodiversity (exceptions: grassland and arable land species) but should not be applied in dry areas or on soils high in toxic trace elements (exception: cadmium). The scenario-based analysis was found useful for studying the consequences of SRC cultivation at larger scales. Limitations of the approach are related to data requirements and compatibility and its restricted ability to cover spatial diversity and dynamic processes. The findings should not be generalised beyond the representativeness of the data used.

Keywords

BiodiversityBioenergyShort rotation coppiceSoil qualitySustainability indicatorsWater quality

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012