Current Psychology

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 104–117

Computer graphic studies of the role of facial similarity in judgements of attractiveness


  • I. S. Penton- Voak
    • School of PsychologyUniversity of St. Andrews
  • D. I. Perrett
    • School of PsychologyUniversity of St. Andrews
  • J. W. Peirce
    • School of PsychologyUniversity of St. Andrews

DOI: 10.1007/s12144-999-1020-4

Cite this article as:
Voak, I.S.P., Perrett, D.I. & Peirce, J.W. Curr Psychol (1999) 18: 104. doi:10.1007/s12144-999-1020-4


Anecdotally, spouses are often said to resemble one another. This study investigates the effects of similarity between participants and stimuli on judgements of facial attractiveness: does “like prefer like”? Using computer graphic techniques, opposite sex facial stimuli were generated from subjects' photographs. Experiment 1 showed a correlation between attractiveness and similarity but the effect can be explained by the attractiveness of average faces. Beyond this, there was a trend for individual subjects to rate opposite sex images with a similar face shape to their own face as more attractive than other subjects. Experiment 2 allowed subjects to interactively manipulate an opposite sex facial image along a continuum from a self-similar shape, through an average face shape, to a face with opposite characteristics. No significant preferences for self-similar or opposite characteristics were found. Preferences for average faces are stronger than preferences for self-similar faces.

Copyright information

© Springer 1999