Article

Current Psychology

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 234-241

First online:

Rates of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Exposure

  • Jennifer J. MuehlenkampAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of North Dakota Email author 
  • , Erica R. HoffAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of North Dakota
  • , John-Gabriel LichtAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of North Dakota
  • , Jeri Ann AzureAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of North Dakota
  • , Samantha J. HasenzahlAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of North Dakota

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Research on the social influences associated with rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is scarce and limited to studies of contagion within inpatient and residential treatment settings. Using an archival dataset that included 1,965 college students, the current study examined whether exposure to acts of NSSI and/or suicidal behavior in others was associated with increased rates of NSSI. Results supported hypotheses in that participants who knew someone who had engaged in NSSI only, or knew someone who engaged in both NSSI and suicidal behavior were more likely to have engaged in NSSI compared to those not exposed. The findings provide preliminary, albeit indirect, evidence of the potential for social modeling to influence rates of NSSI within college students. Directions for future studies are offered.

Keywords

Non-suicidal self-injury Deliberate self-harm Contagion Social learning Modeling College student Exposure Suicide