Acta Analytica

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 229–235

Wisdom Beyond Rationality: A Reply to Ryan


    • Charles Koch Fellow and Faculty Fellow of the Parr Center for EthicsUniversity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  • Jon Tresan
    • Visiting ScholarUniversity of North Carolina

DOI: 10.1007/s12136-012-0171-3

Cite this article as:
Fileva, I. & Tresan, J. Acta Anal (2013) 28: 229. doi:10.1007/s12136-012-0171-3


We discuss Sharon Ryan’s Deep Rationality Theory of wisdom, defended recently in her “Wisdom, Knowledge and Rationality.” We argue that (a) Ryan’s use of the term “rationality” needs further elaboration; (b) there is a problem with requiring that the wise person possesses justified beliefs but not necessarily knowledge; (c) the conditions of DRT are not all necessary; (d) the conditions are not sufficient. At the end of our discussion, we suggest that there may be a problem with the very assumption that an informative, non-circular set of necessary and sufficient conditions of wisdom can be given.


WisdomRationalityJudgmentValue conflictsVirtue

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012