Acta Analytica

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 459–477

The Full Theory of Conditional Elements: Enumerating, Exemplifying, and Evaluating Each of the Eight Conditional Elements


DOI: 10.1007/s12136-010-0097-6

Cite this article as:
Fulda, J.S. Acta Anal (2010) 25: 459. doi:10.1007/s12136-010-0097-6


This paper presents a unified, more-or-less complete, and largely pragmatic theory of indicative conditionals as they occur in natural language, which is entirely truth-functional and does not involve probability. It includes material implication as a special—and the most important—case, but not as the only case. The theory of conditional elements, as we term it, treats if-statements analogously to the more familiar and less controversial other truth-functional compounds, such as conjunction and disjunction.


Indicative conditionalsConditional elementsIf-statementsIf-then statements

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of StirlingStirlingUK
  2. 2.New YorkUSA