Reliabilist Justification: Basic, Easy, and Brute
- Jesper Kallestrup
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Process reliabilists hold that in order for a belief to be justified, it must result from a reliable cognitive process. They also hold that a belief can be basically justified: justified in this manner without having any justification to believe that belief is reliably produced. Fumerton (1995), Vogel (2000), and Cohen (2002) have objected that such basic justification leads to implausible easy justification by means of either epistemic closure principles or so-called track record arguments. I argue that once we carefully distinguish closure principles from transmission principles, and epistemic consequences from epistemic preconditions, neither version of this objection succeeds.
- Alston, W. (1986). Epistemic Circularity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 47(1), 1–30. CrossRef
- Bergmann, M. (2004). Epistemic Circularity, Malignant and Benign. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 69, 709–727. CrossRef
- Bierderman, I., & Shiffrar, M. (1987). Sexing Day-Old Chicks: A Case Study and Expert Systems Analysis of a Difficult Perceptual Learning Task. Journal of Experiential Psychology: Learning. Memory and Cognition, 13(4), 640–645. CrossRef
- Cohen, S. (2002). Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. LXV, 2, 309–328. CrossRef
- Cohen, S. (2005). Why Basic Knowledge is Easy Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 70(2), 417–430. CrossRef
- Fumerton, R. (1995). Metaepistemology and skepticism. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
- Davies, M. (2004). Epistemic Entitlement, Warrant Transmission, and Easy Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplement, 78, 213–245. CrossRef
- Dretske, F. (1970). Epistemic operators. Journal of Philosophy, 67, 1007–1023. CrossRef
- Goldman, A. (1976). What is justified belief. In G. S. Pappas (Ed.), Justification and knowledge (pp. 1–23). Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
- Goldman, A. (1986). Epistemology and cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Greco, J. (1999). Agent Reliabilism. Philosophical Perspectives, 13, Epistemology, 273–296.
- Greco, J. (2005). Is Justification Internal? In M. Steup & E. Sosa (Eds.), Contemporary debates in epistemology (pp. 257–270). Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.
- Hawthorne, J. (2005). The case for closure. In M. Steup & E. Sosa (Eds.), Contemporary debates in epistemology (pp. 26–43). Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.
- Klein, P. (2004). Closure Matters: Academic Skepticism and Easy Knowledge. Philosophical Issues, 14, Epistemology, 165–184.
- Kvanvig, J. (2003). Propositionalism and the Perspectival Character of Justification. American Philosophical Quarterly, 40(1), 3–18.
- Lehrer, K. (1990). Theory of knowledge. Boulder, Co: Westview.
- Pryor, J. (2004). What’s Wrong with Moore’s Argument?. Philosophical Issues, 14, Epistemology, 349–378.
- Sosa, E. (1999). How to defeat Opposition to Moore. Philosophical Perspectives, 1–18.
- Sosa, E. (2004). ‘Relevant alternatives (pp. 35–65). Philosophical Studies: Contextualism Included’.
- Van Cleve, J. (2003). Is Knowledge Easy—or Impossible? Externalism as the Only Alternative to Skepticism’ in The Sceptics, (ed.) Luper, S., Ashgate, 45–59.
- Vogel, J. (2000). Reliabilism Levelled. Journal of Philosophy, 97, 602–623. CrossRef
- Zalabardo, J. (2005). Externalism, Skepticism and the Problem of Easy Knowledge. Philosophical Review, 114, 33–61. CrossRef
- Wright, C. (2002). Anti-Sceptics Simple and Subtle: Moore and McDowell. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 65, 330–348. CrossRef
- Wright, C. (2003). Some Reflections on the Acquisition of Warrant by Inference. In S. Nuccetelli (Ed.), New essays on semantic externalism, scepticism and self-knowledge (pp. 57–78). Mass: MIT Press.
- Reliabilist Justification: Basic, Easy, and Brute
Volume 24, Issue 3 , pp 155-171
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Easy justification
- Closure principles
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Philosophy, University of Edinburgh, Dugald Stewart Building, 3 Charles Street, Edinburgh, EH8 9AD, Scotland, UK