Original Paper


, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 135-148

First online:

Properties that Four-Dimensional Objects Cannot Have

  • Ariel MeiravAffiliated withDepartment of Philosophy, University of Haifa Email author 

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The paper argues that four-dimensionalism is incompatible with the existence of “additively cumulative” properties, including mass, volume, and electrical charge. These properties add up over disjoint objects: for example, the mass of a whole composed of two disjoint objects is a sum of the individual masses of the objects. The difficulty with such properties for four-dimensionalism stems from the way this theory makes persistence depend on the existence of disjoint objects at disjoint times. I consider various possible responses to this difficulty and conclude that they all fail.


Four-dimensionalism Persistence Perdurance Endurance Temporal parts Mass Properties