How family-friendly work environments affect work/family conflict: A meta-analytic examination
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- Mesmer-Magnus, J.R. & Viswesvaran, C. J Labor Res (2006) 27: 555. doi:10.1007/s12122-006-1020-1
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We report a meta-analytic examination of the value of five facets of family-friendly work environments (FFWEs) in reducing work/family conflict (WFC). Cumulation of 38 studies (total N = 13,605) suggests that facets of FFWE may provide less assistance to workers in managing WFC than one may hope, as none explained more than seven percent of the variance in WFC. A family-friendly work culture seems most influential in reducing WFC. Importantly, spousal support and FFWEs explain different portions of variance in WFC, suggesting that FFWEs are uniquely valuable to workers in achieving work/ family balance. Implications for research and practice are discussed.