Human Nature

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 269–289

Examining the Relationship between Life Expectancy, Reproduction, and Educational Attainment

A Cross-Country Analysis

Authors

    • Department of Anthropology, U-2176University of Connecticut
  • Richard Sosis
    • Department of Anthropology, U-2176University of Connecticut
    • Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Connecticut
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12110-010-9092-2

Cite this article as:
Bulled, N.L. & Sosis, R. Hum Nat (2010) 21: 269. doi:10.1007/s12110-010-9092-2

Abstract

Life history theory aims to explain the relationship between life events, recognizing that the fertility and growth schedules of organisms are dependent on environmental conditions and an organism’s ability to extract resources from its environment. Using models from life history theory, we predict life expectancy to be positively correlated with educational investments and negatively correlated with adolescent reproduction and total fertility rates. Analyses of UN data from 193 countries support these predictions and demonstrate that, although variation is evident across world regions, strong interactions exist among life expectancy, reproductive investments, and educational attainment, and these relationships occur independently of economic pressures and disease burdens. The interactions are strongest, however, in countries with a life expectancy of ≥60 years as these countries tend to have stable economies and a limited HIV/AIDS burden. These findings suggest that policies aimed at influencing education and reproductive decisions should consider environmental characteristics that drive people’s expectations about their longevity.

Keywords

Demographic factorsEducational statusFertilityLife cycleMortalityReproductive behaviors

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2010