An evolutionary life-history framework for understanding sex differences in human mortality rates
- Cite this article as:
- Kruger, D.J. & Nesse, R.M. Hum Nat (2006) 17: 74. doi:10.1007/s12110-006-1021-z
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Sex differences in mortality rates stem from genetic, physiological, behavioral, and social causes that are best understood when integrated in an evolutionary life history framework. This paper investigates the Male-to-Female Mortality Ratio (M:F MR) from external and internal causes and across contexts to illustrate how sex differences shaped by sexual selection interact with the environment to yield a pattern with some consistency, but also with expected variations due to socioeconomic and other factors.