The attitudes of American sociologists toward causal theories of male homosexuality
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The origin of homosexuality has been the subject of systematic study in many disciplines during the previous century. In the social science literature, two general models concerning the etiology of homosexuality have emerged, the essentialist model and the constructionist model. This article reviews these two models and provides empirical data on their relative support. Support for each model has been gauged by assessing the opinions of sociologists. Data was obtained from a random sample of sociologists teaching in colleges and universities throughout the United States. The major finding is that the majority of sociologists now endorse the essentialist position.
- Altemeyer, B. 2001. “Changes in Attitudes toward Homosexuals.” Journal of Homosexuality 42(2): 63–75. CrossRef
- Andersen, M., and Taylor, H. 2006. Sociology. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
- Bailey, J.M. 1995. “Biological Perspectives on Sexual Orientation.” In A. D’Augelli and C. Patterson (eds). Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 102–135.
- Bearman, P.S., and Bruckner, H. 2002. “Opposite-Sex Twins and Adolescent Same-Sex Attraction.” American Journal of Sociology 107: 1179–1205. CrossRef
- Brookey, R.A. 2000. “Saints or Sinners: Sociological Theories of Male Homosexuality.” International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies 5: 37–57. CrossRef
- —. 2001. “Bio-Rhetoric, Background Beliefs, and the Biology of Homosexuality.” Argumentation and Advocacy 37: 171–183.
- Conrad, P. 1997. “Public Eyes and Private Genes: Historical Frames, News Constructions, and Social Problems.” Social Problems 44: 139–154.
- Dawood, M.S., Pillard, R.C. et al. 2000. “Familial Aspects of Male Homosexuality.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 29: 155–163. CrossRef
- Delamater, J.D., and Hyde, J.S. 1998. “Essentialism vs. Social Constructionism in the Study of Human Sexuality.” The Journal of Sex Research 35(1): 10–18. CrossRef
- Giddens, A., and Duneier, M. 2003. Sociology. New York: Norton.
- Gottschalk, L. (2003). “From Gender Inversion to Choice and Back: Changing Perceptions of the Aetiology of Lesbianism over Three Historical Periods.” Women’s Studies International Forum 26: 221–223. CrossRef
- Greenberg, A.S., and Bailey, J.M. 2001. “Parental Selection of Children’s Sexual Orientation.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 30: 423–437. CrossRef
- Hewitt, E.C., and Moore, L.D. 2002. “The Role of Lay Theories of the Etiologies of Homosexuality in Attitudes towards Lesbians and Gay Men.” Journal of Lesbian Studies 6(3): 59–72. CrossRef
- Horowitz, J.L., and Newcomb, M.D. 2001. “A Multidimensional Approach to Homosexual Identity.” Journal of Homosexuality 42: 1–19. CrossRef
- Kendall, D. 2004. Sociology. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
- Levay, S. 1996. Queer Science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Lindsey, L., and Beach, S. 2004. Sociology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Loftus, J. 2001. “America’s Liberalization in Attitudes toward Homosexuality, 1973-1998.” American Sociological Review 66: 762–782. CrossRef
- Lufstrom, J. 1997. “The Birth of the Modern Homosexual: Historical Explanations Revisited.” The Sociological Review 45: 24–41. CrossRef
- Macionis, J.J. 2005. Sociology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- —. 2006. Society. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Martins, Y., Preti, G., et al. “Preference for Human Body Odors Is Influenced by Gender and Sexual Orientation.” forthcoming September, Psychological Science.
- McFadden, D., and Pasanen, E.G. 1998. “Comparison of the Auditory Systems of Heterosexuals and Homosexuals: Click Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(5): 2709–2714. CrossRef
- Risman, B., and Schwartz, P. 1988. “Sociological Research on Male and Female Homosexuality.” Annual Review of Sociology 14: 125–147. CrossRef
- Rita, C.J., McFalls, J.A., Gallagher, B.J., and Vreeland, C.N. 1993. “Recent Biological Research Concerning the Origin of Homosexuality: Implications for the Essentialist/Constructionist Debate within Sociology.” Sociological Viewpoints: 27-42.
- Robertson, I. 1987. Sociology. New York: Worth.
- Rust, P.C. 1997. “Coming Out in the Age of Social Constructionism: Sexual Identity Formation among Lesbian Bisexual Women.” Journal of Lesbian Studies 1: 25–54. CrossRef
- Savic, I., Berglund, H., and Lindstrom, P. 2005. “Brain Response to Putative Pheromones.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(20): 7356–7361. CrossRef
- Sayer, A. 1997. “Essentialism, Social Constructionism, and Beyond.” The Sociological Review 45: 453–487. CrossRef
- Seutter, R.A. 2004. Emotionally “Absent Fathers: Furthering the Understanding of Homosexuality.” Journal of Psychology and Theology 32: 43–49.
- Sterling, A. 1997. “Beyond Difference: A Biologist’s Perspective.” The Journal of Social Issues 53: 233–258. CrossRef
- Vreeland, C.J., Gallagher, B.J., and McFalls, J.A. 1995. “The Beliefs of the American Psychiatric Association on the Etiology of Male Homosexuality: A National Survey.” The Journal of Psychology 129: 507–517. CrossRef
- Wood, P.B., and Bartkowski, J.P. 2004. “Attribution Style and Public Policy Attitudes toward Gay Rights.” Social Science Quarterly 85: 58–74. CrossRef
- The attitudes of American sociologists toward causal theories of male homosexuality
The American Sociologist
Volume 37, Issue 1 , pp 68-76
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links