Small Cell Carcinoma ex-Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Parotid Gland
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Small cell carcinoma (SCC) is a high-grade malignancy usually encountered in the lungs but also seen in almost any site including the salivary glands. SCC is important to recognize because it often metastasizes widely and is treated with systemic chemotherapy. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is a malignant epithelial neoplasm arising in a pre-existing benign mixed tumor (i.e., pleomorphic adenoma, PA). While virtually any salivary carcinoma can arise from a PA, to our knowledge SCC ex-PA has not been described. We report a case of a woman presenting with fullness of the right neck and a parotid gland mass. The tumor was resected and evaluated grossly, by light microscopy, and by immunohistochemistry. Grossly, a 1.6 cm well-circumscribed nodule was identified within the parotid. Microscopic examination revealed foci of SCC associated with high-grade adenocarcinoma, in the background of a PA. The SCC was immunoreactive for cytokeratin in a dot-like pattern and neuroendocrine markers synaptophysin and CD56. Despite the focal nature of the SCC in the parotid, a pure SCC metastasis was present in one neck level II lymph node. The patient was free of disease with 8 months of follow-up. Our case illustrates that: (1) although rare, in the salivary glands SCC may arise from lower grade neoplasms including PAs; (2) SCC ex PA may metastasize as pure SCC even if the primary SCC component was focal; (3) adequate sampling of PAs is crucial to prevent missing a rare SCC that must be treated with chemotherapy.
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- Small Cell Carcinoma ex-Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Parotid Gland
Head and Neck Pathology
Volume 6, Issue 4 , pp 502-506
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma
- Carcinoma ex mixed tumor
- Malignant mixed tumor
- Small cell carcinoma
- Parotid gland
- Salivary glands
- Author Affiliations
- 1. From the Departments of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 600 N. Wolfe St., Pathology Building 401, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA
- 4. The School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 2. Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 3. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA