Phosphatase of regenerating liver-1 (PRL-1) is a novel target for potentially treating cancer metastases. Although its specific biochemical role in these processes has yet to be delineated, considerable evidence suggests the phosphatase activity of PRL-1 is required for promoting cancer and metastasis. PRL-1 belongs to the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) family and functions using the CX5R consensus active site motif. Like other PTPases, PRL-1 is inhibited by oxidation at its active site Cys, however, disulfide bond formation occurs unusually readily in wild-type PRL-1. Chemical shift assignments are available for oxidized wild type, but numerous, substantial changes are observed in the spectra upon reduction. Because the reduced form is active, we sought to identify a stable mutant that would resist oxidation and be useful for facilitating drug screening and development using NMR-based assays. We present here NMR assignments for a full-length, reduced and active form of PRL-1, PRL-1-C170S-C171S, that is well suited for this purpose.
PRL-1 PTPase Resonance assignments Oxidation Reduction Redox Drug screening