Date: 17 Jan 2014
Continuous versus Categorical Models of Delinquency Risk
- Glenn D. Walters
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Two groups of participants, one a nationally representative sample with roughly equal numbers of male and female participants (N = 8,984) and the other a sample of mostly male adjudicated delinquents (N = 1,354), were used to test whether risk factors for delinquency are organized continuously or categorically. A continuous (variable-centered) model was created using factor scores from a one-factor confirmatory factor analysis and a categorical (person-centered) model was constructed using posterior probabilities from a two-class finite mixture modeling analysis. In both samples the continuous model correlated significantly better with subsequent offending than did the categorical model, a finding that was replicated in males from both samples and in females from the nationally representative sample. The current findings suggest that risk factors are better construed as points along a continuum rather than as properties of distinct groups or types. These results further suggest that the etiology of offending, in the form of risk factors, is general/additive rather than specific/selective. The implications of these results for theory development, clinical practice, and future research are discussed.
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- Continuous versus Categorical Models of Delinquency Risk
American Journal of Criminal Justice
Volume 39, Issue 3 , pp 395-410
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Risk factors
- Glenn D. Walters (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Criminal Justice, Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA, 19530-0730, USA