Seizures and Epilepsy in Children
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- Sharma, A. Indian J Pediatr (2013) 80: 925. doi:10.1007/s12098-013-1173-x
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Seizures and epilepsy in children are common. They are caused by a variety of causes ranging from genetic to neuro -infections. History and actual observation or/video are very important to differentiate true seizure from non-epileptic event. A correct classification of seizure and epilepsy helps to decide need to treat, choice of anti-epileptic drugs (AED) and prognostication. Except for few seizure types, in majority of seizure types regular AED are started after second confirmed seizure. Goal of treatment is seizure control with minimal side effects and ensuring quality of life. With appropriate mono - therapy, about 70 % patients become seizure free and can be easily treated in community. An orderly approach to classify seizure type, holistic management and timely referral of intractable epilepsy will help in improving care of children with epilepsy.