The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 404–410

Immunization in Practice - Clearing the Cobwebs

General Practitioners' Column

DOI: 10.1007/s12098-012-0957-8

Cite this article as:
Dutta, A.K. & Ray, S. Indian J Pediatr (2013) 80: 404. doi:10.1007/s12098-012-0957-8

Abstract

Vaccination is one of the most cost effective methods of prevention of diseases without even raising the socioeconomic status of the community. Small pox eradication from the world is the perfect example of the role of mass vaccination of the entire community of the universe. India is feeling proud to be polio free for the last 1 y and it is expected that the world would be polio free very soon. The most important purpose of National immunization program of any country is to prevent deaths due to vaccine preventable diseases followed by severe disability and morbidity in that order. Therefore keeping in view the above principle, Govt of India has included Baciilus Calmette Guerrin (BCG), Oral polio vaccine (OPV), Diphtheria, Pertussis & Tetanus (DPT), Measles, Hepatitis-B and now Hemophilus influenza type b (Hib) vaccines in the armamentarium of the National schedule. Every child in the country should receive basic vaccines as per Govt. of India schedule and is available free of cost at all health centers in India.

Keywords

ImmunizationVaccination scheduleAdverse reaction to vaccines

Abbreviations

BCG

Bacillus Calmette Guerin

DTwP

Diphtheria, Tetanus and whole cell Pertussis

DTaP

Diphthetia, Tetanus and acellular Pertussis

Td

Tetanus and reduced dose of diphtheria

Tdap

Tetanus and reduced dose of diphtheria and reduced dose of acellular pertussis

PCV

Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine

IPV

Injectable polio vaccine

Hib

Hemophilus Influenzae b

OPV

Oral polio vaccine

Hep A

Hepatitis A

Hep B

Hepatitis B

MMR

Mumps, Measles and Rubella

HPV

Human papilloma virus

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsLady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Kalawati Saran, Children’s HospitalNew DelhiIndia