The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 77, Issue 11, pp 1270–1276

Vertical Transmission of HIV–An Update

Special Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12098-010-0184-0

Cite this article as:
Lala, M.M. & Merchant, R.H. Indian J Pediatr (2010) 77: 1270. doi:10.1007/s12098-010-0184-0


One of the greatest successes in AIDS research to date has by far been the discovery of successful interventions that interrupt the transmission of HIV from mother to child. It is however important to note that these successes have occurred largely in countries with great resources and the least burden of perinatal transmission of HIV. In the developing world wherein currently 95% of vertical transmission of HIV occurs, it is highly condemnable that still every minute an infected infant is said to be born in spite of the fact that vertical transmission is largely preventable, mainly because translating knowledge into practice is not always possible or feasible; This has led to a continuous growing numbers of children with HIV, thereby making pediatric HIV a looming problem rapidly draining the already burdened health care system of these countries. It is the need of the hour to appropriately address the challenges to achieve zero percent transmission of HIV from an infected mother to her child thereby giving a hope for an AIDS-free new generation worldwide.


InterventionsPaediatric HIVPreventing mother-to-child transmissionVertical transmissionCongenital infectionsIntrauterine infectionsHIV-2 in pregnancy and newborn

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CCDT/MSF/Wadia Group of HospitalsMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Bai Jerbai Hospital for ChildrenMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Nanavati Hospital & Asian Heart InstituteMumbaiIndia