The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 74, Issue 2, pp 153–160

Polio eradication in India: The way forward

Authors

    • Department of PediatricsMax Hospital
  • Joseph L. Mathew
    • Department of PediatricsMax Hospital
    • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Special Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12098-007-0009-y

Cite this article as:
Mittal, S.K. & Mathew, J.L. Indian J Pediatr (2007) 74: 153. doi:10.1007/s12098-007-0009-y

Abstract

Despite remarkable decline in the number of poliomyelitis cases, the dream of polio eradication in India remains elusive. This is despite considerable effort and expenditure for well over a decade. Various reasons have been cited for this and interventions implemented accordingly. None of these seem to have borne fruit. It is appropriate to have a relook at the polio eradication strategies in order to learn from past errors and determine a feasible solution to achieve the goal. This article examines important tissues that hamper the eradication effort and proposes a way forward.

Key words

PoliomyelitisEradicationIPVOPV

Abbreviations

AACPE

Ad hoc Advisory Committee on Polio Eradication

AAGPE

Adhoc Advisory Group on Polio Eradication

ACPE

Advisory Committe on Polio Eradication

AFP

Acute flaccid paralysis

cVDPV

Circulating Vaccine derived poliovirus

DPTP

Diphtheria-pertussis-tetaus-poliomyelitis (combination vaccine)

GMP

Good manufacturing practices

IEAG

India Expert Advisory Group

IPV

Injectable polio vaccine

mOPV

Monovalent OPV

NID

National immunization Day(s)

NMEP

National Malaria Eradication Programme

NPSP

National Poliomyelitis Surveillance Project

OPV

Oral polio vaccine

PE

Polio eradication

P1

Poliovirus strain 2

P2

Poliovirus strain 2

P3

Poliovirus strain 3

SIA

Supplementary immunization activity

SNID

Sub-national immunization day(s)

VAPP

Vaccine Associated Paralytic Poliomyelitis

WHO

World Health Organization

WPV

Wild Polio virus

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2007