, Volume 14, Issue 11, pp 870-880
Date: 19 Jul 2012

Prognostic value of clinicopathological parameters and outcome in 484 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma: microvascular invasion (V+) is an independent prognostic factor for OSCC

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Abstract

Background

Several clinicopathological parameters have been implicated in prognosis, recurrence and survival, following oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this retrospective study was to review the outcome of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma treated at a single institution by primary surgical resection with or without adjuvant radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy, or brachytherapy and to identify the factors affecting survival and locoregional control.

Materials and methods

We retrospectively reviewed the records of 429 consecutive patients after primary radical R0 tumor resection and 55 patients after brachytherapy in our department between 1997 and 2010. OSCC pathological parameters were analyzed including age, gender, site distribution, tumor size, lymph node involvement, grading, microvascular invasion, lymphatic vessel involvement, and distant metastasis. Descriptive statistics were calculated for each variable and survival was calculated using the univariate Kaplan–Meier method. Prognostic factors were analyzed using the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model.

Results

Average tumor size was 10.9 mm (95 % CI for the mean 9.6–12.3). Disease-free survival at 5 years was 65 % and overall 5-year survival was 62 %. On univariate analysis, patients with increased tumor size, lymph node involvement, microvascular invasion, and lymphatic vessel involvement had a significant poor prognosis. Multivariate analysis showed that independent prognostic factors were increased tumor size and microvascular invasion.

Conclusion

This hospital-based retrospective cohort study points out different clinicopathological prognostic factors of survival in a large patient cohort treated for OSCC. It highlights increased tumor size and microvascular invasion as the most independent prognostic factors in predicting survival in patients with OSCC.