Original Article

Indian Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 358-364

First online:

In silico genome analysis and drug efficacy test of influenza A virus (H1N1) 2009

  • Kh. Dhanachandra SinghAffiliated withDepartment of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University
  • , Karthikeyan MuthusamyAffiliated withDepartment of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University Email author 

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Abstract

The H1N1 2009 virus is pandemic in many countries. The genome of this virus contains eight segments. Among the eight segments maximum numbers of mutation occur at the segment 1 and segment 4 which codes for PB2 subunit and hemagglutinin (HA) and less number of mutations occur in segment 6 which codes for neuraminidase (NA) protein. Neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors (Oseltamivir and Zanamivir) are presently used as an anti-flu drugs. In the present study, the in silico efficacy of different drugs was tested against the swine flu virus. 3D structures of neuraminidase (NA) proteins of H1N1 2009 were generated using Geno3D. The 3D structure of H1N1 1918 was downloaded from PDB. Interaction study was done using Arguslab 4 and PyMol view. Oseltamivir and Zanamivir have good number of interactions with H1N1 2009 virus and the scoring function also support to this result. When compared with the 1918 H1N1 viral protein, 2009 H1N1 NA protein shows more number of interaction and good scoring function. The RMSD value of before and after docking are found to be same at 0.04A° for both the drugs. The force field energy of NA protein 2009 was found to be −15603.529 KJ/mol before docking. The force field energy was found to be decreased after docking at −17620.740 KJ/mol with Tamiflu and −17652.242 KJ/mol with Zanamivir. The number of interaction and scoring function shows that Oseltamivir and Zanamivir will be able to effectively control the present pandemic H1N1 virus 2009.

Keywords

H1N1 Zanamivir Oseltamivir Neuraminidase Hemagglutinin