Article

Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 698-709

First online:

Key distribution scheme for peer-to-peer communication in mobile underwater wireless sensor networks

  • Kubra KalkanAffiliated withComputer Science and Engineering Program, Sabancı University
  • , Albert LeviAffiliated withComputer Science and Engineering Program, Sabancı University Email author 

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Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) consist of small battery-limited devices called sensor nodes. The communication between sensor nodes is a type of peer-to-peer communication, since each node has the same capability and role. One of the recent application areas of these nodes is underwater sensing. Communication in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSN) is challenging since radio frequencies cannot be used. Instead acoustic waves, which cause extra challenges, are used in UWSN. Since UWSNs are deployed in hostile environment, nodes can be captured by an adversary. In order to secure UWSNs, key distribution problem must be addressed. Moreover, UWSNs are inherently mobile since the nodes may be drifted in the sea. In this paper, we propose a key distribution model which is applied for two group mobility models, namely nomadic mobility model and meandering mobility model. In both schemes hierarchical structure is used and communication is handled via well-known Blom’s key distribution scheme. Our simulation results show that mobility causes some temporary decreases in the connectivity, but our schemes help to heal the connectivity performance in time. Moreover, our schemes show good resiliency performance such that capture of some nodes by an adversary only causes very small amount of links between uncaptured nodes to be compromised.

Keywords

Underwater wireless sensor networks Security Key distribution