Theoretical Ecology

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 213–223

The role of sex separation in neutral speciation

Authors

  • Elizabeth M. Baptestini
    • Instituto de Física Gleb WataghinUniversidade Estadual de Campinas
    • Instituto de Física Gleb WataghinUniversidade Estadual de Campinas
    • New England Complex Systems Institute
  • Yaneer Bar-Yam
    • New England Complex Systems Institute
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12080-012-0172-2

Cite this article as:
Baptestini, E.M., de Aguiar, M.A.M. & Bar-Yam, Y. Theor Ecol (2013) 6: 213. doi:10.1007/s12080-012-0172-2

Abstract

Neutral speciation mechanisms based on isolation by distance and assortative mating, termed topopatric, has recently been shown to describe the observed patterns of abundance distributions and species–area relationships. Previous works have considered this type of process only in the context of hermaphroditic populations. In this work, we extend a hermaphroditic model of topopatric speciation to populations where individuals are explicitly separated into males and females. We show that for a particular carrying capacity, speciation occurs under similar conditions, but the number of species generated is lower than in the hermaphroditic case. As a consequence, the species–area curve has lower exponents, especially at intermediate scales. Evolution results in fewer species having more abundant populations.

Keywords

Neutral speciationAssortative matingBiodiversity patternsSex separation

Supplementary material

12080_2012_172_MOESM1_ESM.ps (2 mb)
ESM 1(PS 2066 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012