Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 101–113

Endoscopic Anatomy of the Middle Ear

  • Daniele Marchioni
  • Gabriele Molteni
  • Livio Presutti
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12070-011-0159-0

Cite this article as:
Marchioni, D., Molteni, G. & Presutti, L. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (2011) 63: 101. doi:10.1007/s12070-011-0159-0

Abstract

Good knowledge of anatomy is fundamental for every surgeon. Middle ear anatomy is really complex and sometimes is challenging for otologists, who need to explore every single compartment for a radical removal of pathology. With introduction of the endoscope in middle ear surgery, anatomy of middle ear spaces has become wider and clearer due to a better magnification and to the possibility to look “behind the corner”. This article is a review of the state-of-art of endoscopic middle ear anatomy with description of every compartment, with particular attention to ventilation pathways and middle ear folds.

Keywords

Middle-earAnatomyEndoscope

Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniele Marchioni
    • 1
  • Gabriele Molteni
    • 1
  • Livio Presutti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Ospedaliero-UniversitariaModenaItaly