, Volume 132, Issue 1, pp 1-16
Date: 09 Nov 2012

Systems genetics in “-omics” era: current and future development

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Abstract

The systems genetics is an emerging discipline that integrates high-throughput expression profiling technology and systems biology approaches for revealing the molecular mechanism of complex traits, and will improve our understanding of gene functions in the biochemical pathway and genetic interactions between biological molecules. With the rapid advances of microarray analysis technologies, bioinformatics is extensively used in the studies of gene functions, SNP–SNP genetic interactions, LD block–block interactions, miRNAmRNA interactions, DNA–protein interactions, protein–protein interactions, and functional mapping for LD blocks. Based on bioinformatics panel, which can integrate “-omics” datasets to extract systems knowledge and useful information for explaining the molecular mechanism of complex traits, systems genetics is all about to enhance our understanding of biological processes. Systems biology has provided systems level recognition of various biological phenomena, and constructed the scientific background for the development of systems genetics. In addition, the next-generation sequencing technology and post-genome wide association studies empower the discovery of new gene and rare variants. The integration of different strategies will help to propose novel hypothesis and perfect the theoretical framework of systems genetics, which will make contribution to the future development of systems genetics, and open up a whole new area of genetics.