Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 529–548

Vulnerability and Exposure to Crime: Applying Risk Terrain Modeling to the Study of Assault in Chicago

  • Leslie W. Kennedy
  • Joel M. Caplan
  • Eric L. Piza
  • Henri Buccine-Schraeder
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9165-z

Cite this article as:
Kennedy, L.W., Caplan, J.M., Piza, E.L. et al. Appl. Spatial Analysis (2016) 9: 529. doi:10.1007/s12061-015-9165-z

Abstract

Prior research has applied risk assessment and spatial analysis techniques to the study of violence. This paper builds on those results, tying the practical outcomes of spatial risk analysis methods to broader spatial issues on the articulation of risky places for aggravated assault. We begin by conceptualizing key relationships, addressing the effects of environmental factors on creating distinct, identifiable areas that are conducive to crime. Propositions of the theory of risky places are posed and then empirically tested using a GIS based program, RTMDx, on aggravated assault data in an urban area. Given the current thinking about crime vulnerability based on concentration and spatial influence of features and events, this paper offers an analytical strategy to model risky places that combines the conceptual insights of crime emergence and persistence, advances in geo-spatial analytical techniques, and micro-level data.

Keywords

Risk terrain modeling Spatial influence Vulnerability Exposure and aggravated assault Theory of risky places 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie W. Kennedy
    • 1
  • Joel M. Caplan
    • 1
  • Eric L. Piza
    • 2
  • Henri Buccine-Schraeder
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutgers Center on Public SecurityRutgers University School of Criminal JusticeNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Law and Police ScienceJohn Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA