Evolution: Education and Outreach

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 590–601

The Evolution of Morality

Original Scientific Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12052-009-0167-7

Cite this article as:
Allchin, D. Evo Edu Outreach (2009) 2: 590. doi:10.1007/s12052-009-0167-7


Here, in textbook style, is a concise biological account of the evolution of morality. It addresses morality on three levels: moral outcomes (behavioral genetics), moral motivation or intent (psychology and neurology), and moral systems (sociality). The rationale for teaching this material is addressed in Allchin (2009). Classroom resources (including accompanying images and video links) and a discussion of teaching strategies are provided online at: http://EvolutionOfMorality.net.


MoralityMoral behaviorKin selectionInclusive fitnessReciprocitySympathyOpen behavioral programLearningEmergenceTragedy of the commonsStrong reciprocityNetwork reciprocityImage scoringIndirect reciprocityBiological determinismNaturalistic fallacyNaturalizing error

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Program in History of Science and TechnologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA