Antonov J I, Locarnini R A, Boyer T P, Mishonov A V and Garcia H E 2006 World Ocean Atlas 2005, Volume 2: Salinity. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 62, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.
Antonov J I, Seidov D, Boyer T P, Locarnini R A, Mishonov A V and Garcia H E 2010 World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 2: Salinity. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 69, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.
Bailey R, Gronell A, Phillips H, Meyers G and Tanner E 1994 CSIRO Cookbook for Quality Control of Expendable Bathythermograph (XBT) Data; CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report No. 220.
Barnes S L 1964 A technique for maximizing details in numerical weather map analysis; J. Appl. Meteorol.
Boyer T P and Levitus S 1994 Quality control and processing of historical temperature, salinity, and oxygen data; NOAA Atlas NESDIS 81.
Boyer T P, Stephens C, Antonov J I, Locarnini R A, O’Brien T D and Garcia H E 2002 World Ocean Atlas 2001,Volume 2: Salinity. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 50, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.
Bruce J G, Johnson D R and Kindle J C 1994 Evidence for eddy formation in the eastern Arabian Sea during the northeast monsoon; J. Geophys. Res.
Daneshzadeh Y C, Festa J F and Minton S M 1994 Procedures used at AOML to quality control real time XBT data collected in the Atlantic Ocean; NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL AOML-78.
Durand F, Shetye S R, Vialard J, Shankar D, Shenoi S S C, Ethe C and Madec G 2004 Impact of temperature inversions on SST evolution in the southeastern Arabian Sea during the pre-summer monsoon season; Geophys. Res. Lett.
Durand F, Shankar D, DeBoyer Montegut C, Shenoi S S C, Blanke B and Madec G 2007 Modeling the barrier-layer formation in the southeastern Arabian Sea; J. Climatol.
Durand F, Papa F, Rahman A and Bala S 2011 Impact of Ganges–Brahmaputra interannual discharge variations on Bay of Bengal temperature and salinity variations during the 1992–1999 period; J. Earth Syst. Sci.
859–872, doi: 10.1007/s12040-011-0118-x.CrossRef
Fekete B, Vorosmarty C and Grabs W 2002 High resolution fields of global runoff combining observed river discharge and simulated water balances; Global Biogeochem. Cycles
16, doi: 10.1029/1999GB001254.3.
Fofonoff N P and Milland R C 1983 Algorithms for computation of fundamental properties of seawater; UNESCO technical papers in marine sciences 44, UNESCO.
Gadgil S and Srinivasan J 1990 Low-frequency variation of tropical convergence zones; Meteorol. Atmos. Phys.
Gopalakrishna V V, Johnson Z, Salgaonkar G, Nisha K and Rajan C K 2005 Observed variability of sea surface salinity and therman inversions in the Lakshadweep Sea during contrast monsoons; Geophys. Res. Lett.
32, doi: 10.1029/2005GL023280.
Gouretski V and Koltermann K P 2007 How much is the ocean really warming?; Geophys. Res. Lett.
34, doi: 10.1029/2006GL027834.
Han W and McCreary J P 2001 Modeling salinity distributions in the Indian Ocean; J. Geophys. Res.
Hanawa K, Raul P, Bailey R, Sy A and Szabados M 1994 Calculation of new depth equations for expendable bathythermographs using a temperature-error-free method (application to Sippican/TSK T-7, T-6 and T-4 XBTs); IOC Tech. Series
Ishii M, Souji A, Sugimoto S and Matsumoto T 2005 Objective analyses of sea-surface temperature and marine meteorological variables for the 20th century using ICOADS and the KOBE collection; Int. J. Climatol.
Ishii M, Kimoto M, Sakamoto K and Iwasaki S I 2006 Steric sea level changes estimated from historical ocean subsurface temperature and salinity; J. Oceanogr.
Joseph P V 1990 Warm pool over the Indian Ocean and monsoon onset; Tropical ocean and atmosphere, Newsletter
Joseph P V, Sooraj K P, Babu C A and Sabin T P 2005 A cold pool in the Bay of Bengal and its interaction with the active-break cycle of the monsoon; CLIVAR Exch. 34
Kessler W S and McCreary J P 1993 The annual wind-driven Rossby wave in the subthermocline equatorial Pacific; J. Phys. Oceanogr.
Kurian J and Vinayachandran P N 2007 Mechanisms of formation of the Arabian Sea mini warm pool in a high-resolution Ocean General Circulation Model; Geophys. Res. Lett.
112, doi: 10.1029/2006JC003631 (C05009).
Levitus S 1982 Climatological atlas of the world ocean; NOAA Professional Paper 13, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Press, Washington D.C.
Levitus S and Boyer T P 1994 World Ocean Atlas 1994, Volume 4: Temperature; NOAA Atlas NESDIS 4, 117p.
Levitus S, Burgett R and Boyer T P 1994 World Ocean Atlas 1994, Volume 3: Salinity; NOAA Atlas NESDIS 3, 99p.
Levitus S, Antonov J I, Boyer T P, Locarnini R A, Garcia H E and Mishonov A V 2009 Global ocean heat content 1955–2008 in light of recently revealed instrumentation problems; Geophys. Res. Lett.
36, doi: 10.1029/2008GL037155.
Locarnini R A, Mishonov A V, Antonov J I, Boyer T P and Garcia H E 2006 World Ocean Atlas 2005, Volume 1: Temperature. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 61, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.
Locarnini R A, Mishonov A V, Antonov J I, Boyer T P and Garcia H E 2010 World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 1: Temperature; NOAA Atlas NESDIS 68, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.
Lozier M S, Owens W B and Curry R G 1995 The climatology of the North Atlantic; Prog. Oceanogr.
Lynn R G and Reid J L 1968 Characteristics and circulation of deep and abyssal waters; Deep-Sea Res.
McCreary J P, Kundu P K and Molinari R L 1993 A numerical investigation of the dynamics, thermodynamics and mixed-layer processes in the Indian Ocean; Prog. Oceanogr.
Rabiner L R, Sambur M R and Schmidt C E 1975 Application of a nonlinear smoothing algorithm to speech processing; IEEE Trans. Acoustics Speech Signal Proc.
Rao R R and Sivakumar R 1999 On the possible mechanisms of the evolution of a mini-warm pool during the pre-summer monsoon season and the onset vortex in the southeastern Arabian Sea; Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc.
Rao R R, Kumar M S G, Ravichandran M, Samala B K and Anitha G 2006a Observed intra-seasonal variability of mini-cold pool off the southern tip of India and its intrusion into the south central Bay of Bengal during summer monsoon season; Geophys. Res. Lett.
33, doi: 10.1029/2006GL026086.
Rao R R, Kumar M S G, Ravichandran M, Samala B K and Sreedevi N 2006b Observed mini-cold pool off the southern tip of India and its intrusion into the south central Bay of Bengal during summer monsoon season; Geophys. Res. Lett.
33, doi: 10.1029/2005GL025382.
Rattray M 1962 Interpolation errors and oceanographic sampling; Deep-Sea Res.
Reiniger R F and Ross C F 1968 A method of interpolation with application to oceanographic data; Deep-Sea Res.
Reynolds R W, Rayner N A, Smith T M, Stokes D C and Wang W 2002 An improved in situ
and satellite SST analysis for climate; J. Climate
Rochford D J 1964 Salinity maxima in the upper 1000 m of the north Indian Ocean; Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res.
Saunders P M and Fofonoff N P 1976 Conversion of pressure to depth in the ocean; Deep-Sea Res.
Shankar D and Shetye S R 1997 On the dynamics of the Lakshadweep high and low in the southeastern Arabian Sea; J. Geophys. Res.
Shankar D, Vinayachandran P N and Unnikrishnan A S 2002 The monsoon currents in the north Indian Ocean; Prog. Oceanogr.
Shankar D, Kotamraju V and Shetye S R 2004 A quantitative framework for estimating water resources in India; Curr. Sci.
Shankar D, Shetye S R and Joseph P V 2007 Link between convection and meridional gradient of sea surface temperature in the Bay of Bengal; J. Earth Syst. Sci.
Shenoi S S C, Shetye S R, Gouveia A D and Michael G S 1993 Salinity extrema in the Arabian Sea; In: Monsoon biogeochemistry (eds) Ittekot V and Nair R R, Mitt. Geol.-Paläont. Inst. Univ. Hamburg, SCOPE/UNEP Sonderband, 76 37–49.
Shenoi S S C, Shankar D and Shetye S R 1999 On the sea surface temperature high in the Lakshadweep Sea before the onset of the southwest monsoon; J. Geophys. Res. (C: Oceans)
Shenoi S S C, Shankar D and Shetye S R 2002 Differences in heat budgets of the near-surface Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal: Implications for the summer monsoon; J. Geophys. Res.
107, doi: 10.1029/2000JC000679.
Shetye S R 1993 The movement and implications of the Ganges–Brahmaputra runoff on entering the Bay of Bengal; Curr. Sci.
Shetye S R, Gouveia A D, Shenoi S S C, Michael G S, Sundar D, Almeida A M and Santanam K 1991 The coastal current off western India during the northeast monsoon; Deep-Sea Res.
Shetye S R, Gouveia A D, Shankar D, Shenoi S S C, Vinayachandran P N, Sundar D, Michael G S and Nampoothiri G 1996 Hydrography and circulation in the western Bay of Bengal during the northeast monsoon; J. Geophys. Res.
Shuman F G 1957 Numerical method in weather prediction: II. Smoothing and filtering; Mon. Weather Rev.
Sikka D R and Gadgil S 1980 On the maximum cloud zone and the ITCZ over India longitude during the southwest monsoon; Mon. Weather Rev.
Stephens C, Antonov J I, Boyer T P, Conkright M E, Locarnini R A, O’Brien T D and Garcia H E 2002 World Ocean Atlas 2001, Volume 1: Temperature; NOAA Atlas NESDIS 49, NOAA, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.
Stommel H M and Fieux M 1978 Oceanographic atlases: A guide to their geographic coverage and contents (USA: Woods Hole Press).
Tukey J W 1974 Nonlinear (nonsuperposable) methods for smoothing data; Cong. Rec. 1974 EASCON, p. 673.
Vinayachandran P N and Shetye S R 1991 The warm pool in the Indian Ocean; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth Planet. Sci.)
Webb D J, Killworth P D, Coward A and Thompson S 1991 The FRAM Atlas of the Southern Ocean; Natural Environment Research Council, Swindon, England.
Wijffels S E, Willis J, Domingues C M, Barker P, White N J, Gronell A, Ridgway K and Church J A 2008 Changing expendable bathythermograph fall rates and their impact on estimates of thermosteric sea level rise; J. Climatol.
Wyrtki K 1971 Oceanographic atlas of the International I
ndian Ocean E
xpedition (Washington D.C.: National Science Foundation).
Xie P and Arkin P A 1997 Global precipitation: A 17-year monthly analysis based on gauge observations, satellite estimates, and numerical model outputs; Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.
Yaremchuk M, Yu Z and McCreary J P 2005 River discharge into the Bay of Bengal in an inverse ocean model; Geophys. Res. Lett.
32, doi: 10.1029/2005GL023750.