Journal of Biosciences

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 481–489

Influenza A (H1N1) 2009: a pandemic alarm

  • Madhu Khanna
  • Neha Gupta
  • Ankit Gupta
  • V. K. Vijayan
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s12038-009-0053-z

Cite this article as:
Khanna, M., Gupta, N., Gupta, A. et al. J Biosci (2009) 34: 481. doi:10.1007/s12038-009-0053-z

Abstract

At this critical juncture when the world has not yet recovered from the threat of avian influenza, the virus has returned in the disguise of swine influenza, a lesser known illness common in pigs. It has reached pandemic proportions in a short time span with health personnel still devising ways to identify the novel H1N1 virus and develop vaccines against it. The H1N1 virus has caused a considerable number of deaths within the short duration since its emergence. Presently, there are no effective methods to contain this newly emerged virus. Therefore, a proper and clear insight is urgently required to prevent an outbreak in the future and make preparations that may be planned well in advance. This review is an attempt to discuss the historical perspective of the swine flu virus, its epidemiology and route of transmission to better understand the various control measures that may be taken to fight the danger of a global pandemic.

Keywords

Antigenic shiftgenetic reassortmentH1N1pandemicswine influenzazoonosis

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madhu Khanna
    • 1
  • Neha Gupta
    • 1
  • Ankit Gupta
    • 1
  • V. K. Vijayan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Respiratory VirologyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Respiratory Medicine, V P Chest InstituteUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia