Journal of Biosciences

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 549–555

Emerging and re-emerging bacterial diseases in India


DOI: 10.1007/s12038-008-0073-0

Cite this article as:
Chugh, T.D. J Biosci (2008) 33: 549. doi:10.1007/s12038-008-0073-0


There has been a remarkable progress in the prevention, control and even eradication of infectious diseases with improved hygiene and development of antimicrobials and vaccines. However, infectious diseases still remain a leading cause of global disease burden with high morbidity and mortality especially in the developing world. Furthermore, there have been threats of new diseases during the past three decades due to the evolution and adaptation of microbes and the re-emergence of old diseases due to the development of antimicrobial resistance and the capacity to spread to new geographic areas. The impact of the emerging and re-emerging diseases in India has been tremendous at socioeconomic and public health levels. Their control requires continuing surveillance, research and training, better diagnostic facilities and improved public health system. Emerging and reemerging zoonotic diseases, foodborne and waterborne diseases and diseases caused by multiresistant organisms constitute the major threats in India. This review of bacterial emerging and re-emerging diseases should be of critical importance to microbiologists, clinicians, public health personnel and policy makers in India.


Control of infectionsemerging infectionsre-emerging infectionsSoutheast Asia and global prevalence

Abbreviations used


antimicrobial resistance


enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli


vancomycin intermediate resistant S. aureus


pyrexia of unknown origin

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dr B L Kapur Memorial HospitalNew DelhiIndia